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International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies
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E-ISSN: 2347-5129, P-ISSN: 2394-0506

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies

2022, Vol. 10, Issue 3, Part A

Sublethal toxicity of glyphosate and propanil on some biochemical parameters in juveniles of freshwater catfish, Clarias gariepinus (Teugels, 1986)


Author(s): Yerima Rashida, Auta Jehu, Balarebe Sallau and ML Balarebe

Abstract: Contamination serve as the primary danger to the environment and its aquatic biota. Recently, the increase in human population, industrialization, intensive agriculture and the practice of herbicides usage in progressing nations to control various weeds is a constant development. However, the purpose of the current study is to assess the prolonged effects of glyphosate and propanil on some serum biochemical parameters in the Clarias gariepinus juveniles. The study was conducted in an enclosed apartment for 56 days. Juveniles of C. gariepinus were randomly exposed to long term toxicants of glyphosate 0.11, 0.14, 0.21 mg/L and 0.00 mg/L as control, while 0.23, 0.31, 0.46 mg/L and 0.00mg/L as control for propanil respectively. However, samples of blood were collected for the determination of blood some biochemical parameters after 56 days. Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT), Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) and Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) revealed major increases in stimulating liver enzymes activities in all investigational groups related with control group. However, non-antioxidant enzymes metabolites activities such as glucose, triglyceride were detected to elevate expressively, while protein and cholestetrol decreased significantly in the expose group compare with the control.
These increases were either dose dependent, time dependent, or both. The rise in these enzymes actions were a little more in glyphosate-treated than in propanil-treated fishes indicating that glyphosate is more toxic to C. gariepinus juveniles. The study therefore, revealed that exposing juveniles of C. gariepinus herbicides toxicant such as glyphosate and propanil for a long term, upset biochemical parameters and implies poor environmental fitness for fish exposed to herbicides in natural environments.


Pages: 40-45  |  31 Views  3 Downloads

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How to cite this article:
Yerima Rashida, Auta Jehu, Balarebe Sallau, ML Balarebe. Sublethal toxicity of glyphosate and propanil on some biochemical parameters in juveniles of freshwater catfish, Clarias gariepinus (Teugels, 1986). Int J Fish Aquat Stud 2022;10(3):40-45.
International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies