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E-ISSN: 2347-5129, P-ISSN: 2394-0506

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies

2021, Vol. 9, Issue 1, Part E

Suckermouth armoured catfish (Pterygoplichthys spp.) menace in freshwater aquaculture and natural aquatic systems in Andhra Pradesh, India


Author(s): Bandla Seshagiri, Saroj Kumar Swain, Bindu R Pillai, Chintada Satyavati, Y Sravanti, PV Rangacharyulu, Ramesh Rathod and V Ratnaprakash

Abstract: Suckermouth armoured catfish (Pterygoplichthys spp.) which is popularly called “Devil fish” in Andhra Pradesh, was recorded in 93.33% of fish ponds out of 600 ha surveyed in Krishna and West Godavari districts including mesohaline ponds wherein salinity ranges from 2 to 20‰. Pterygoplichthys spp. have ranged from 150 to 600 kg/ha that accounts to 2.01-7.50% of total biomass of fish harvested in aquaculture ponds leading to escalation of feed conversion ratio by 25.76%. Consequently, carp production has diminished by 18.88% to 22.92% leading to economic losses to fish farmers up to 13.40%. Food chain disruption by this alien fish is not only confined to benthic algae and periphyton but also foraging on supplementary feeds leaving primary fishes deprived from availing feed. Abundance of Pterygoplichthys spp populations in culture ponds as also in canals was high in monsoon season when compared to winter. Invasion and abundance of Pterygoplichthys spp in various river systems in Andhra Pradesh has become major concern for fishers causing extensive damage to nets and gears as also retarded catch per unit effort resulting in minimization of their income by 30%. Efforts to extract fish hydrolysate from Pterygoplichthys spp were futile due to intense bony skeleton and poor recovery rate which projected utilization of this fish for allied activities to minimum. Abundance of Pterygoplichthys spp is increasing in confined and open water bodies due to their tolerance and ability to grow and breed in variety of aquatic habitats including polluted environments as also lack of effective predators thus poses a high risk and threat to native freshwater species in any ecosystem in which they get established.

DOI: 10.22271/fish.2021.v9.i1e.2423

Pages: 375-384  |  75 Views  9 Downloads

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How to cite this article:
Bandla Seshagiri, Saroj Kumar Swain, Bindu R Pillai, Chintada Satyavati, Y Sravanti, PV Rangacharyulu, Ramesh Rathod, V Ratnaprakash. Suckermouth armoured catfish (Pterygoplichthys spp.) menace in freshwater aquaculture and natural aquatic systems in Andhra Pradesh, India. Int J Fish Aquat Stud 2021;9(1):375-384. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22271/fish.2021.v9.i1e.2423
International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies