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E-ISSN: 2347-5129, P-ISSN: 2394-0506

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies

2020, Vol. 8, Issue 4, Part E

Estimation of farmed shrimp production in Kerala


Author(s): Sahadevan P and Sureshkumar S

Abstract: Aquaculture of shrimps and prawns has made significant advances during the last four decades in India. Kerala (in South India) is one of the important states contributing to farmed shrimp production in the country. However, in spite of its importance, the quantity of shrimp produced through aquaculture in the state is not recorded with certainty. Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA) publishes information on the farmed shrimp production of the various states of the country including Kerala, annually. But the information published is more or less restricted to the production of only two species Penaeus monodon (Fabricius, 1798) and Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone, 1931) which are exported from the country. In Kerala majority of the shrimp farms undertake traditional farming in which, other species of shrimps like Penaeus indicus, H. Milne Edwards, 1837, Metapenaeus monoceros (Fabricius, 1798) Metapenaeus dobsoni (Miers, 1878) etc. are also harvested. The data published by MPEDA does not reflect the production of these species. Similarly, the productivity figures published are limited to scientific farms alone. Thus, there is a need to estimate the species-wise total shrimp production of the state from the farming (both traditional as well as the scientific farming) sector. The present study was undertaken to estimate the total farmed shrimp production of Kerala adopting a slightly modified version of the sampling design developed by the Central Inland Capture Fisheries Research Institute (Indian Council of Agricultural Research), Barrackpore, West Bengal and recommended by the Fisheries Division of Department of Agriculture and Co-operation, Government of India and to assess the productivity of shrimp farms. The total area under shrimp farming in Kerala during 2017-2018 was estimated to be 10, 599.26 ha. of which 8,430.98 ha. was under traditional farming and 2,168.28 ha was under scientific farming. In the study the annual farmed shrimp production of the state was estimated to be 2,952.56 metric tonnes (t). Of this, the contribution of traditional sector was 2,174.80 t (73.66%) and that of the scientific sector was 777.76 t (26.34%). The productivity of shrimp farms in the state was calculated to be 932.08 kg ha-1 year -1 which is very low compared to that of other states in the country.

DOI: 10.22271/fish.2020.v8.i4e.2297

Pages: 392-400  |  120 Views  31 Downloads

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How to cite this article:
Sahadevan P, Sureshkumar S. Estimation of farmed shrimp production in Kerala. Int J Fish Aquat Stud 2020;8(4):392-400. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22271/fish.2020.v8.i4e.2297
International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies