International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies
2019, Vol. 7, Issue 5, Part F
Commercially important seaweed cultivation and its potentials for the coastal areas of Cox's Bazar, BangladeshAuthor(s):
Abdullah Al Mamun Siddiqui, Md. Abul Kashem, Md. Atiqul Islam Mondal and Md. ShafiuddinAbstract:
Bangladeshis a low-lying, riverine country located in South Asia (24°34' to26°38' North, 88°01' to 92°41' East). The total area of the country is 147,570 sq. km (56,977 sq. miles). Bangladesh is in the transitional zone for the flora and fauna of the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia, and is part of the Indo-Burma biodiversity hotspot. The country features a great diversity of natural ecosystems. Bangladesh has a coastal zone of 480 km coastline and 25,000 km2
of coastal area with a huge population, supporting a variety of land use practices. This coastal area with sandy and muddy beaches, estuaries and mangrove swamps can be provided suitable substrate and habitats for various seaweeds cultivation. Bangladesh is rich with 133 species of seaweed and fourteen of them are commercially important. Seaweed farming is highly developed in many south-east Asian countries. Seaweed is also an ingredient for bio-chemicals, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics industries. However, the seaweed industry in Bangladesh is an initial stage. Seaweed, if systematically cultured and explored, could emerge as a vital agricultural product for coastal people, be consumed as dishes and used in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries and contribute to the national economy. Seaweed could grow on rocks, soft sediments, pebbles and even on other marine algae it was abundant in St Martin's Island, Inani Beach, Cox's Bazar and Sundarbans. Sea is a unique reservoir. There are resources with limitless possibilities. Seaweed is one such precious blessing of the sea. History says, in 1670, the first cultivation of seaweed started in Japan's Tokyo. Its commercial cultivation started in 1940. Along with Japan, Philippines, Vietnam, Thailand and many other Asian countries started cultivating it. Seaweed is a great source of various vitamins, minerals and iodine. Beside Cox's Bazar airport, on the beach of Nuniyachhara of Maheshkhali channel, recent growing unique activity of seaweed farming. Hypnea species of seaweed is being cultivated in tidal coastline of Nuniyachhara beach.Pages: 463-470 | 356 Views 38 DownloadsDownload Full Article:
How to cite this article:
Abdullah Al Mamun Siddiqui, Md. Abul Kashem, Md. Atiqul Islam Mondal, Md. Shafiuddin. Commercially important seaweed cultivation and its potentials for the coastal areas of Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh. Int J Fish Aquat Stud 2019;7(5):463-470.