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International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies
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(ICV-Poland) Impact Value: 76.37, Impact Factor: RJIF 5.69
E-ISSN: 2347-5129, P-ISSN: 2394-0506

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies

2019, Vol. 7, Issue 3, Part A

Application of geometric morphometrics for body shape analysis in Selaroides leptolepis population from Butuan Bay, Philippines


Author(s): Cresencio C Cabuga Jr, Joven R Lanes, Catty Joy L Varona, Medralyn B Milloria, Jojean Marie D Pondang, Jessamy J Ruales, Clark Leonard R Rivera, Beverly H Cuares, Ronel G Batonghinog, John Carlos C Paler, Jhon Leyster G Roa, Donna L Pacaldo, Khrisha Candy A Guritan, Ritchie Lou S Calamba and Andrea T Corporal

Abstract: Genomic and environmental adaptation possibly develops to phenotypic plasticity. As expected, this results to the structural variation that affects symmetrical outlines of species. Systematized techniques such as geometric morphometrics were applied to detect the phenomenon while considering landmark points to identify the fluctuating asymmetry (FA). FA illustrates deviations from the original state of symmetry. It quantifies variations between the left and right side of bilateral structure hence the two sides are genetically alike. In this study morphological differences of Selaroides leptolepis were investigated. About 60 individuals consisting of 30 males and 30 females were collected and analyzed for fluctuating asymmetry. FA from both samples subjected to Procrustes ANOVA, Principal Component Analysis (PCA), Implied Deformation and Histogram to evaluate the asymmetrical differences using Symmetry and Asymmetry in Geometric Data (SAGE) software. The result shows highly significant FA (P<0.0001) on both male and female samples. It indicated morphological deviation and associated with genetic components and environmental causation. Thus, the advancement of utilizing modernized technique ensue to discriminate shape variations.

Pages: 19-26  |  365 Views  38 Downloads

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How to cite this article:
Cresencio C Cabuga Jr, Joven R Lanes, Catty Joy L Varona, Medralyn B Milloria, Jojean Marie D Pondang, Jessamy J Ruales, Clark Leonard R Rivera, Beverly H Cuares, Ronel G Batonghinog, John Carlos C Paler, Jhon Leyster G Roa, Donna L Pacaldo, Khrisha Candy A Guritan, Ritchie Lou S Calamba, Andrea T Corporal. Application of geometric morphometrics for body shape analysis in Selaroides leptolepis population from Butuan Bay, Philippines. Int J Fish Aquat Stud 2019;7(3):19-26.
International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies