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International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies
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(ICV-Poland) Impact Value: 76.37, Impact Factor: RJIF 5.69
E-ISSN: 2347-5129, P-ISSN: 2394-0506

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies

2018, Vol. 6, Issue 5, Part C

The sustainable livelihoods approach of freshwater prawn production in South-western Bangladesh


Author(s): Balaram Mahalder, M Abu Baker Siddique, M Shafiullah, M Shadiqur Rahman, M Anamul Haque and M Rafiqur Rahman

Abstract: The present study was undertaken to determine the livelihoods aspects of freshwater prawn farmers based on production technology and economic feature of prawn production in two villages of Dumuria upazila namely Ghona Mader Danga and Ramkrishnapur from October 2002 to May 2003 in Khulna district. Based on a sample of 181 farmers from the two villages, 93.37% of farmers cultured prawn with fish in the integration of rice and dike crops. The culture period is typically nine months; mainly wild post larvae (PL) of prawn are stocked in April to June and harvested from December to February. Fish fry are partially stocked with the prawn fry. The average stocking density of PL was found to be 14,558 nos. /ha and the average stocking density of fish fry was 3,335 nos./ha. Different types of feed such as rice bran, wheat bran, mustard oilcake, whet flour, soybean meal, fish meal, snail flesh, cooked rice, broken rice, etc. are mainly used in ghers for prawn feeding. The average yield of prawn and fish was 319 kg and 443 kg per hectare respectively. The freshwater prawn being a highly valued product for international market and therefore almost all prawn is exported, however fish are used for domestic consumption. Prawn farmers in the study area made a profit, with seed and feed dominating variable cost (average Tk. 27,300/ha and Tk. 23,500/ha respectively). The average cost of gher operation was Tk. 76,015/ha and average net return was Tk. 93,152/ha. It was found that the farmers having own land obtained higher net returns than the leaseholders.

Pages: 184-190  |  407 Views  19 Downloads

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How to cite this article:
Balaram Mahalder, M Abu Baker Siddique, M Shafiullah, M Shadiqur Rahman, M Anamul Haque, M Rafiqur Rahman. The sustainable livelihoods approach of freshwater prawn production in South-western Bangladesh. Int J Fish Aquat Stud 2018;6(5):184-190.
International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies