International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies
2018, Vol. 6, Issue 5, Part A
Growth performance and nutritional impacts of Moringa oleifera Leaf and shrimp meals supplemented diets on Clarias gariepinus (African Catfish)Author(s):
Esien David-Oku, Esane Ernest Anani, Oluwatosin Elizabeth Ntaji, Roseline Okokon Edide, Juliet Ifeoma Obiajunwa and Henrieta Nkechi Ene-ObongAbstract: Objective:
This study evaluated the impact of graded dietary inclusion of Moringa oleifera
leaf meal and shrimp meal on growth performance and nutritional quality of the African catfish.
Method: Fish diets were formulated (M0, M10, M20 and M30) to contain 0, 10, 20, and 30% of Moringa oleifera leaf meal (MLM) respectively, with 20% of shrimp meal added to each as animal protein source. Two commercial fish feeds, foreign (CoppensTM) and local (VitalTM), were taken as controls. Clarias gariepinus fingerlings (N= 180) were randomly distributed into 18 plastic tanks (n=10); 3 tanks each for the six respective formulated and commercial diets. Feeding was twice daily for 6 weeks. Feed intake, growth performance, and nutritional quality of the fish were assessed using standard methods.
Results: Food intake, protein efficiency ratio, total weight gain and specific growth rate were in the order of M10 > M20> M0>M30. M10 fishes were richer in crude fat and protein (25.00, 48.03% respectively) than M0 (18.49, 46.18%), M20 (20.41, 46.07%) and M30 (18.80, 45.38%); but similar to the control groups (26.25 - 26.76; 50.60 - 51.97%). Crude fibre and carbohydrate contents of the MLM fishes were significantly greater (p<0.05) than the controls but within the group, there were dose dependent increases. Total ash seemed similar (> 10.00%) in all the groups under study.
Conclusion: The results of this study show that dietary supplementation of 10% Moringa oleifera leaf plus 20% shrimp meals is optimal for effective growth performance and nutrient quality in African catfish.
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How to cite this article:
Esien David-Oku, Esane Ernest Anani, Oluwatosin Elizabeth Ntaji, Roseline Okokon Edide, Juliet Ifeoma Obiajunwa, Henrieta Nkechi Ene-Obong. Growth performance and nutritional impacts of Moringa oleifera Leaf and shrimp meals supplemented diets on Clarias gariepinus (African Catfish). Int J Fish Aquat Stud 2018;6(5):23-30.