International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies
2014, Vol. 1, Issue 6, Part B
Alkalinity and Hardness Variation in Ground Waters of East Godavari District due to AquacultureAuthor(s):
P.A.R. K. Raju, M.S.R. Reddy, P. Raghuram, G.Suri Babu, T.Rambabu and J. Jeevan KumarAbstract:
In aquaculture systems alkalinity leads to stable pH, lower toxicity of ammonia and carbon dioxide and healthy biofilter operations. High concentrations of hardness block the toxic effects of copper and zinc. For waters where alkalinity is high and calcium is low, photosynthesis may increase the pH to levels that are toxic to fish. Excess alkalinity in an ecosystem can reduce that ecosystem’s ability to sustain life. Ground water contamination with salt water due to aquaculture and thereby changes in alkalinity, hardness and other parameters are discussed.Pages: 121-127 | 1153 Views 26 DownloadsDownload Full Article:
How to cite this article:
P.A.R. K. Raju, M.S.R. Reddy, P. Raghuram, G.Suri Babu, T.Rambabu, J. Jeevan Kumar. Alkalinity and Hardness Variation in Ground Waters of East Godavari District due to Aquaculture. Int J Fish Aquat Stud 2014;1(6):121-127.