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International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies
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(ICV-Poland) Impact Value: 76.37, Impact Factor: RJIF 5.69
E-ISSN: 2347-5129, P-ISSN: 2394-0506

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies

2017, Vol. 5, Issue 6, Part E

An overview on significance of fish nutrition in aquaculture industry


Author(s): E Prabu, S Felix, N Felix, B Ahilan and P Ruby

Abstract:
Global aquaculture production is increasing year by year and it is the fastest and reliable sector to fulfil the protein deficiency among the human beings around the world. Various innovative integration and intensification approaches has been adopted for finfish and shellfish culture by many countries. Nutrition and feeding is the significant criteria should be focused for economical and sustainable aquaculture. Sustainable production of aquatic organisms can be obtained by formulating and producing low cost, low polluted and nutrient rich high quality artificial feeds. Like terrestrial animals around 40 essential nutrients are required by the aquatic organisms which includes protein, carbohydrate, fatty acids, vitamins, minerals, growth factors and other energy sources essentially for maintaining growth, reproduction and other normal physiological functions. The variation in the nutritional requirements can be identified with warm water or cold water, finfish or shell fish and marine water or freshwater species. Successful production of good quality fishes can be achieved by feeding the fishes with nutritionally balanced feeds. The nutritional requirements of various fish species are fulfilled by a different animal and plant based artificial feeds. Standardization of feeding method is another innovative way for preserving sustainable production of aquatic organisms in cages, ponds and short seasonal tanks. Ideal fish protein concept is also the superlative advance towards maximizing the effective utilization of protein by the fishes through the production of cost efficient, nutritionally high and low polluted feeds.

Pages: 349-355  |  661 Views  52 Downloads

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How to cite this article:
E Prabu, S Felix, N Felix, B Ahilan and P Ruby. An overview on significance of fish nutrition in aquaculture industry. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies. 2017; 5(6): 349-355.
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