International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies
2017, Vol. 5, Issue 2, Part C
Assessment of fishing gears crafts and socio-economic condition of Hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha) fisherman of Padma River, BangladeshAuthor(s):
Md. Ayenuddin Haque, Md. Delwer Hossain, Md. Abu Sayed Jewel, Dil Afroze Khanom and Abdullah Al MasudAbstract:
Studies were conducted on the types and characteristics of fishing gears, crafts and socio-economic conditions of hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha
, Hamilton, 1822) fishing communities of the Padma river region in Charghat and Bhaga upazilla under the district of Rajshahi for a period six month starting from July 2014 to December 2014. A total of 186 fishermen were selected by random sampling and interviewed which include 61 boat owners, 92 labour fishermen and 33 donga owners from two villages. Face to face interviews, group discussions and direct visits were performed to collect and verify data. Types of gears and crafts, major characteristics were recorded. Drift gill net as fishing gear and chandi boat and donga as crafts were found in the studied area for hilsa fishing. Most of the fishermen were professional (57% and 61.63%). Age group of majority of the fisherman was 21-30 years (40%) in Raowtha and 31-40 years (36.05%) in Vanukor village. Most of the fishermen have fishing experience between 0-10 years. Most of the fishermen with family size of 4-6 (61% and 56.98%). 28% of the fishermen in Raowtha village have primary (1-5) level of educations, while 29.07% fishermen in Vanukor village can only sign their name. Full katcha (71% and 51.16%) houses were abundant, while the pacca houses were 9% and 13.95% in two villages respectively. Majority of the fishermen depend on village doctor (94% in Raowtha and 97.67% in Vanukor village respectively) for health facilities. Sanitary facilities were dominated by kacha toilet. Income of the fishermen was found high during hilsa fishing season and lower during other season. It was found that majority of the fishermen were money borrower and 64% and 80.23% of the fishermen borrowed money from NGO’s and the rest borrowed money from neighbors and relatives. The main problems were identified as extortion by local extortionist; other problems such as inadequate credit facilities, lack of appropriate preservation facilities and frequent conflict between professional and non-professional fishermen were prominent. They need more institutional, organizational and technical help and credit support for the betterment of their socio-economic condition and sustainable livelihood.Pages: 177-183 | 801 Views 47 DownloadsDownload Full Article:
How to cite this article:
Md. Ayenuddin Haque, Md. Delwer Hossain, Md. Abu Sayed Jewel, Dil Afroze Khanom and Abdullah Al Masud. Assessment of fishing gears crafts and socio-economic condition of Hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha) fisherman of Padma River, Bangladesh. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies. 2017; 5(2): 177-183.