International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies
2015, Vol. 2, Issue 6, Part F
Socio-economic and livelihood status of fishermen around the Atrai and Kankra Rivers of Chirirbandar Upazila under Dinajpur DistrictAuthor(s):
Salim Reza, Md. Sazzad Hossain, Ujjwal Hossain, Md. Abu ZafarAbstract:
The study was conducted to investigate the socio-economic and livelihood status of the fishermen around the Atrai and Kankra rivers at Chirirbandar Upazila, Dinajpur from October, 2013 to January 2014. Twenty five fishermen were randomly selected from the areas who were solely involved in fishing in the rivers. Several PRA tools were used to collect the data from the fishing communities such as, personal interview, crosscheck interview with extension agents, older persons, transect walk and case study. The data interpretations showed that 60% respondent’s primary occupation were fishing, majority of them were middle age group (31-45 yrs) and mostly were landless or marginal land holders. All of the respondents were male of which 84% were Muslims and rests were Hindus. About 88% fishermen were married and average size of middle household (56%) was more than the national average (4.4%). Moreover, 64% family was nuclear, 44% fishermen were illiterate and 36% can only sign. The fishermen used different type of fishing gears such as jakhi jal (68%), current jal (48%), lift net (16%), ber jal (40%) and only 40% used boat for fishing. The 88% respondent sold their catch directly to the consumer, 8% to the retailer and rest to the other fishermen. The majority (72%) of the respondent’s annual income was BDT 15,000-25,000 which was lower than national per capita income. Among the respondents, 64% received credit from the NGOs and 36% used their own money in fishing activities, whereas, only 28% of them can save after maintaining their daily expenditure. The river bed siltation, depletion of fish stock, lack of financial ability, inadequate credit facilities, lack of training, low fish price and vandalism were the major constraints of fishing in the study area. The study also revealed that only 20% fishermen managed to improve their livelihood status through fishing activities.Pages: 402-408 | 861 Views 19 DownloadsDownload Full Article:
How to cite this article:
Salim Reza, Md. Sazzad Hossain, Ujjwal Hossain, Md. Abu Zafar. Socio-economic and livelihood status of fishermen around the Atrai and Kankra Rivers of Chirirbandar Upazila under Dinajpur District. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies. 2015; 2(6): 402-408.