International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies
2014, Vol. 1, Issue 4, Part A
Cephalopod: Squid Biology, Ecology and Fisheries in Indian watersAuthor(s):
Anusha J.R., Albin T. FlemingAbstract:
This short review summarizes the current status of the squid fisheries in Indian waters. It primarily considers the historical classification and biological characteristics of squid within the context to Indian squid varieties. Squid is an economically important cephalopod in India represented mainly by Loligo duvauceli, Sepioteuthis lessoniana, and Doryteuthis species. Among the squids, the Indian squid (Loligo duvauceli) is the dominant species, catching about 97% all over the country per year. The squid fish plays a major role in balancing the marine ecosystem. Generally, the temperature changes, ocean acidification and climatic changes are likely to affect marine ecosystems and their associated fisheries, adding to the challenges of managing fisheries sustainably. The proposed changes responded quickly in the squids and act as ecosystem indicators of environmental change by minimum growth rate and maximum production. Since, the increase in ocean temperatures can cause faster growth and shorter life spans of squid. In addition, briefly reviews the methods of exploitation of squid along with the current squid populations, fishing methods, export, utilization and marketing. India’s squid fishing fleet accounted for 3% of the global squid production and makes up approximately 5–7% of U.S. squid imports. The processed squid meat has been exported in globalrnlevel from the maritime states to Japan, US, EU, UAE, Italy and France through the major ports such as Kochi, Kollam, Tuticorin, Mumbai and Visakhapatnam. A brief analysis of the current status of the Indian squid fisheries and considers the potential for future development are provided in conclusion.Pages: 41-50 | 798 Views 15 DownloadsDownload Full Article:
How to cite this article:
Anusha J.R., Albin T. Fleming. Cephalopod: Squid Biology, Ecology and Fisheries in Indian waters. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies. 2014; 1(4): 41-50.